Why do my gums bleed?

This is a very common question that dentists hear on a daily basis. Although this can be a painless phenomenon, it can be uncomfortable and worrisome. Luckily, for the majority of cases this can be easily corrected.

The most common cause of bleeding gums is a condition called gingivitis. This refers to the inflammation of the gums in response to local factors ie) plaque, tartar, cavities, old fillings etc. Gingivitis can progress to a more advanced condition called periodontitis which involves not only the gums, but the bone anchoring the teeth in place. In both these situations, the gums are very fragile and do not need much force on them to make them bleed (brushing/flossing).  The good news is gingivitis is reversible. Proper home care and regular dental visits should resolve this issue.

Other factors that can make gums bleed easily:

  • Brushing too hard
  • Using a toothbrush with medium or hard bristles
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Medications
  • Hormones (especially sensitive during pregnancy)

If you are concerned about this or any other dental issue, please contact us and we will be more than happy to answer any of your questions.

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